In this guide we're going to explore the different types of cannabis seeds, their individual uses and benefits and how expert growers and enthusiasts have developed their seed banks and created many new strains.
Cannabis plants have been used for thousands of years, all around the globe, for purposes including:
- Building materials, such as rope and fabrics
- Compost and bio-matter
- Medicines including extracts and tinctures
- Ceremonial use and in traditional and religious practises
Of course in many places cannabis is illegal and growing it is a criminal offence. Be sure to check the law surrounding cannabis seeds where you live before ordering.
Check our extensive online seed bank. We offer fast delivery and discreet packaging as well as excellent customer service. Our team of experts are available 24/7 to help with any enquiries and any questions you may have regarding our products - contact us today.
What are the different types of cannabis seeds?
When it comes to purchasing cannabis seeds it can be a little confusing, what are the different types of cannabis seeds and which type of seeds will best suit your requirements?
The first thing to note is that the word strain is used to describe a specific variety of cannabis seeds that has been bred specifically for specific properties and characteristics including things like (but not necessarily limited to):
- Psychoactive properties
- Healing properties
Each of these names are given by the seed developer, seed bank or growing experts, and they often refer to a flavour, aroma or effect of the plant that the professional growers have selectively bred.
The second thing to note are the categories that seeds are often arranged into:
- Feminised seeds
- Autoflowering seeds
- Regular cannabis seeds
There are both male and female cannabis plants, often the males are used for hemp farming and used for things like fertiliser, biomass and building materials.
Hemp is easily grown, (mostly) non-psychoactive and a very valuable resource for many different applications. Furthermore, although male cannabis plants often contain only trace amounts of THC, they do contain a level of the much sought after cannabinoid CBD.
Feminised cannabis seeds
Feminised seeds are seeds from a female cannabis plant that has been specially selected and bred to produce only female seeds. The result is flowering plants that produce cannabinoid rich flowers.
The reason for this is that growers of female cannabis, commonly used for recreation and extracts, can almost guarantee they will get female plants resulting in resinous buds for harvest. Male plants do not produce the buds and flowers rich in THC.
How is feminisation achieved?
Feminisation is made possible by using a chemical reversal process on a chosen female plant to create viable pollen, which in turn is used to pollinate female plants in a controlled environment. As there are only female sex chromosomes in this pairing the resulting seeds from the plant are female.
Feminised cannabis seeds generally provide larger yields than autoflowering cannabis seeds.
If you're looking for the perfect cannabis seeds to add to your collection then feminised cannabis seeds may be the best choice for you because of their genetic guarantee.
Shop feminised cannabis seeds today.
Autoflowering cannabis seeds
We have looked at feminised cannabis seeds and the benefits of the resulting (almost) guaranteed female plants, now let us look at another interesting cannabis seed category.
Autoflowering cannabis seeds do pretty much what they say on the tin, they flower automatically. There is no need to change the light cycle of autoflowering seeds in order to help the plant flower, instead autoflower seeds start to flower automatically.
Autoflowering seeds generally do not produce as large a yield as regular cannabis seeds but benefit from a quick turnaround from seedling to flowering plant- roughly between 7-10 weeks. Often autoflowering plants produce buds with a high THC level in a short period of time.
This type of seed lends itself to novice gardeners and can be grown indoors and outdoors, flowering times do vary strain to strain but will generally be faster than regular or feminised 'photoperiod' plants. As autoflowering plants do not produce such a big yield they can be conducive to grow in a small grow space with correct maintenance.
It is also worth noting that there is no guarantee that the autoflowering seeds will be male or female, always check with the seeds bank or distributor.
If you're looking for autoflowering seeds to collect, then look no further. Our online store has a comprehensive range of autoflowering seeds. Please note, our seeds are sold for research and collection purposes only. We do not condone the illegal growing of cannabis. Cannabis seeds are illegal if they begin to germinate. Be sure to store cannabis seeds in a cool, dark and dry place to avoid any complications.
Shop our autoflowering cannabis seeds today.
Regular cannabis seeds
Generally, regular weed seeds are better for more experienced growers. Experienced growers that choose regular seeds do so because the resulting plants:
- Are more hardy
- Can produce incredible yields
Furthermore these regular seeds can be used to produce novel strains, can tolerate high levels of stress and produce cuttings that exhibit explosive growth.
Experienced growers tend to choose these seeds over autoflowering seeds and feminised cannabis seeds so that they can create new strains, get extremely large yields and have tougher plants. This doesn't come without its difficulties, growers will need to be able to identify male plants from female plants as well as provide an optimal growing environment and monitor light levels etc.
Again we aren't here to condone the germination of cannabis seeds and growing of cannabis plants, rather we aim to provide information about how the types of seeds available differ and the reasons why growers (in places where it is legal and controlled) would use different types of seeds. In the UK and most of Europe it is illegal to germinate cannabis seeds.
Our comprehensive seed bank stocks autoflowering seeds and many varieties of seeds for collection and research purposes.
Shop for regular cannabis seeds today.
What are the different cannabis strains in seeds?
You will often read or hear the word strain and this is the word used to describe a specific cannabis plant that has been bred for its unique characteristics. Expert cannabis growers use regular seeds and cross breed them to refine specific qualities and create new and novel cannabis strains.
Creating strains is an art and not an easy task. Experts produce unique and interesting aromas, flavours and effects from original strains and hybrids by cross breeding based on the properties of the parent plants.
You may hear the terms indica, sativa and ruderalis alongside the term strain. What is important to note is that these are not specific strains, they are three different cannabis genus. All cannabis strains (that we know of) come from one of, or are a hybrid of these families.
Each are said to have their own properties and different advantages, ideal growing conditions, shape and size and flavours etc. Let us take a look at these different types of cannabis:
Referred to as cannabis indica, it is a cannabis type renowned for its therapeutic properties including:
- Aid in sleeping
- To help treat chronic pain
- Promote appetite
- Reduce nausea
Of course the benefits aren't limited to these specific properties, cannabis indica can be beneficial in many ways.
Indica plants are generally short and bushy and have their origins in hot places like India and Afghanistan. They tend to grow pretty quickly and have a high yield.
Cannabis sativa is a cannabis type renowned for its uplifting and creativity inducing effects.
Sativa strains are chosen for properties like:
- Reduction in stress
- Heady and uplifting high
- Creative effects
- Increasing focus
Again, sativa plants are not limited to these effects, they are just a few of the reasons people opt for these types of plants.
Sativa plants can grow up to 12 ft high and often take longer to mature than indica strains and usually have a lower ratio of CBD to THC.
Ruderalis flowers automatically when it reaches the correct age, as opposed to a change in light exposure. This is why it is used to create autoflowering seeds.
Growers cross indica and sativa with ruderalis to decrease the flowering time and make their plants more resistant to bugs and parasites. Crossing with a higher THC strain like a sativa or indica with ruderalis results in plants with a high THC and CBD level.
THC rich varieties
Both indica strains and sativa strains can yield THC rich buds. There are plenty of THC rich varieties that are either sativa, indica or a hybrid of both. You can find THC rich autoflowering as well as regular or feminised seeds.
We have sourced some of the best cannabis seeds available to collect and have chosen our top 10 THC rich varieties from leading, trusted brands.
CBD rich varieties
Many people seek CBD rich varieties of seeds due to the huge success and boom of the CBD industry. CBD has become increasingly popular and used by many for its reported wellness and therapeutic properties.
CBD rich varieties have a high level of CBD as well as varying levels of THC. These strains generally have lower levels of THC, however this should always be confirmed. CBD rich plants can produce good yields of beautiful buds and have a host of possible benefits with their cannabinoid profiles.
Check out our top 10 high CBD seeds selection.
How to choose cannabis seeds?
Choosing the right seeds for you depends entirely on your individual requirements and preferences.
It is interesting to learn about how the genetics of different strains can be cross-bred to create a new and novel strain of cannabis plant, and how each seed would grow in its own unique way depending on light and temperature conditions
At our online store you will find a description or profile about the seeds you are looking to buy. It will explain the genetics of the seeds and their hypothetical yield size and flowering time. It will also specify if it is sativa or indica or a hybrid strain so that you can best choose the seed that suits your collection.
What is the law on buying cannabis seeds?
Here in the UK it is legal to purchase and collect cannabis seeds, you can even have them shipped from outside of the UK to your home.
It is illegal to germinate cannabis seeds. This means, even if they are 'accidentally stored incorrectly' and begin to germinate they are ILLEGAL. It is generally advised to store your cannabis seed collection in a dark, dry and cool place.
Buying cannabis seeds at ICE Headshop
At ICE Headshop we scour the global seed banks to bring you reputable strains by the industry's best seed producers. We pride ourselves on our fast, discreet and reliable service and offer some of the lowest prices available online today.
Our expert team has over a decade of expertise and are available to help you with your purchase 24/7 365, so don't hesitate to get in touch if you have any queries regarding any of our products.
Disclaimer: Please note that you must be 18 years or older to purchase CBD products. All claims and effects of CBD have been regulated by the MHRA since 2016 and distributors require a license from the MHRA to make any medical claims. Claims are opinion based and non-scientific, and while we may discuss the opinions people share, they are not our own. Our CBD is not intended to treat, cure or prevent disease. Although we can advocate its calming & healthy properties it is in no way intended for medicinal use.
Disclaimer: Germination of seeds brought from ICE is not permitted, our seeds are sold for collection purposes only.